Skill-based gaming has a well-established legal, social and commercial history. From classic board games to major sports tournaments, games of skill have long offered participants a chance to compete based on one’s ability. Today, games of skill are available on most major media sites like AOL, MSN, and Yahoo, and are complemented by an emerging electronic sports (eSports) industry that lets professional gamers compete in popular video games with real money at stake.
Skillz is a platform that advances this trend, enabling skill-based multiplayer tournaments on mobile devices while offering gamers the ability to compete for cash prizes. Games powered by Skillz take the clear distinction as being games of skill – and not games of chance — a difference which makes Skillz cash tournaments legal in the majority of the United States and Canada.
Why Skillz powered games
can not be a scam
[su_spoiler title=”Are Skill-based Tournaments Gambling?” open=”yes” style=”fancy” icon=”plus-square-1″]Cash-based tournaments in games of skill are not considered gambling because the generally accepted definition of gambling involves three specific things:
- the award of a prize,
- paid-in consideration (meaning entrants pay to compete)
- an outcome determined on the basis of chance.
Without all three of these elements, a cash competition is not gambling. In the case of Skillz tournaments, outcomes are not determined by chance but are rather achieved through a player’s skill or ability, making these tournaments legal in most U.S. states.[/su_spoiler]
[su_spoiler title=”How are skill-based games different from chance-based games?” style=”fancy” icon=”plus-square-1″][su_list icon=”icon: check” icon_color=”#0095e5″]
- Games of skill require a physical or mental ability and a learned capacity to carry out a result. These games commonly include the use of strategy, tactic, physical coordination, strength, technical expertise, or knowledge.
- Games of chance are games with an outcome strongly influenced by random chance or uncertainty. Common randomization devices include dice, playing cards, or numbered balls drawn from a container.
- Games of chance may have some skill, and games of skill may have some chance, however, most U.S. courts use either the predominance test or the material element test to look at the role that skill and chance each take in determining the outcome of the game.
The Predominance Test
The predominance test is the most commonly used indicator of whether a game is
The Material Element Test
The material element test is the second most commonly used test in the U.S. and is relied upon by 8 states to evaluate whether a game is
[su_spoiler title=”Where does Skillz offer cash competitions?” open=”yes” style=”fancy” icon=”plus-square-1″]In the U.S., the legality of skill-based competitions is determined at a state level and Skillz has taken extensive measures to ensure that its products are in full compliance with all the applicable laws. As of today, Skillz powers cash competitions in roughly 80% of the world and 38 US states – the exceptions being Arizona, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Louisiana, Maryland, Montana, South Carolina, South Dakota, and Tennessee. Additionally, cash gameplay is currently not available in Maine and Indiana if playing cards are involved. Our virtual currency tournaments are available globally.[/su_spoiler]
[su_spoiler title=”How does Skillz determine which games are skill-based?” style=”fancy” icon=”plus-square-1″]Skillz has developed an advanced statistical model to evaluate whether a game is a game of skill. The model was developed by one of the world’s leading statisticians and can be used to analyze game results from almost any game, outputting the fractional importance of chance in determining a game’s outcome. The model has been validated and reviewed by the preeminent legal experts in the field of gaming and has been granted a U.S. patent.
To further remove randomness from games, Skillz has developed a sophisticated randomness replacement engine which can help “skillify” games that have some degree of chance embedded in them.[/su_spoiler]
[su_spoiler title=”What happens if someone logs in from a place where cash gaming is not legal?” style=”fancy” icon=”plus-square-1″]For states where skill-based cash gaming is not allowed, a player who logs in to Skillz will still be able to compete in virtual currency tournaments. Skillz uses the built-in GPS in a player’s smartphone in order to determine location and eligibility to play for cash.[/su_spoiler]
Skillz provides a forum for safe, friendly, and competitive entertainment with monetary stakes tied to the competition of players at all levels. Skillz operates in full compliance with U.S. Federal and State laws, verifying the residency of anyone seeking to open an account and using
[su_label type=”warning”]Warning[/su_label]All gamers must be at least 18 years old and their device location settings must be enabled to ensure Skillz eligibility.